Columbia University Open Letter 2023

Columbia University Open Letter 2023

“Columbia University Open Letter 2023” by Staff is a thought-provoking exploration of ‘public domain,Columbia open letter,Hamas,Palestine’. Published in 2023, this literary work is a testament to the author’s dedication to advancing knowledge in their field. The book is housed in the opensource collection, and its significance is underscored by its 2023-10-31T21:39:33Z publication date. Written in eng, it stands as a valuable contribution to the realm of literature. The has played a crucial role in shaping the narrative, making this book an essential resource for enthusiasts and researchers alike. Its unique columbia-university-open-letter sets it apart as a distinctive work in the realm of public domain,Columbia open letter,Hamas,Palestine. Updated on 2023-10-31T21:39:33Z,2023-12-30T00:34:44Z, this book continues to be a source of inspiration and knowledge for readers worldwide.

Columbia University Open Letter 2023

Columbia University Open Letter 2023

Columbia University Open Letter 2023

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Details Of The Book :

  • Book Name : Columbia University Open Letter 2023
  • Creator Name :Staff
  • Topics : public domain,Columbia open letter,Hamas,Palestine
  • Collection : opensource
  • Language : eng
  • File Type : PDF
  • File Size : 13564791 file size calclude in Byte Clik To See size of the file

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October 30, 2023 An Open Letter from Columbia University and Barnard College Faculty in Defense of Robust Debate About the History and Meaning of the War in Israel/Gaza: The most recent devastating violence in Israel and Gaza that began on October 7, 2023 has had very disturbing reverberations on our campus – for all of us, students, faculty, staff, and the larger Columbia community. We write now to express grave concerns about how some of our students are being viciously targeted with doxing, public shaming, surveillance by members of our community, including other students, and reprisals from employers. These egregious forms of harassment and efforts to chill otherwise protected speech on campus are unacceptable, and we implore every person in the Columbia University community – faculty, administrators, students, alums, public safety – to do more to protect all of our students while preserving Columbia University as a beacon for “fostering critical thinking and opening minds to different points of view,” as President Shafik wrote to the community in her October 18th message about upholding our collective values. As scholars who are committed to robust inquiry about the most challenging matters of our time, we feel compelled to respond to those who label our students anti-Semitic if they express empathy for the lives and dignity of Palestinians, and/or if they signed on to a student-written statement that situated the military action begun on October 7th within the larger context of the occupation of Palestine by Israel. We have read that statement carefully, and it is worth pointing out that the arguments it makes echo those made by both governmental and non-governmental agencies and institutions at the highest level for a number of years. The student statement begins with language that should satisfy any measure of decency: “The loss of a human life is a deeply painful and heartbreaking experience for loved ones, regardless of one’s affiliation. We extend our heartfelt condolences to the individuals and communities at Columbia University affected by the tragic losses experienced by both Palestinians and Israelis.” The statement then turns to the claim that peace and safety for all the peoples of Israel and Palestine will remain elusive unless and until the illegal Israeli occupation of Palestinian territory ends and accountability for that illegal occupation is achieved. This is not a radical or essentially controversial position – indeed, it is the position taken by many committees of the United Nations, the UN General Assembly, and respected human rights organizations. The statement also describes the Israeli treatment of Palestinians as a form of “apartheid”, and while this term is viewed as controversial in some quarters, major human rights organizations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have concluded that the occupation of Palestine and the treatment of Palestinians within Israel amount to a form of apartheid, a crime against humanity with definitions provided in the 1973 International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid (“Apartheid Convention”) and the 1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC). Indeed, Desmond Tutu, noted South African civil rights leader who was the first Black archbishop of Cape Town, concluded in 2014 that: “[Palestinians’] humiliation is familiar to all black South Africans who were corralled and harassed and insulted and assaulted by the security forces of the apartheid government.” And President Jimmy Carter has expressed the view that Israel’s treatment of Palestinians “perpetrates even worse instances of apartness, or apartheid, than we witnessed even in South Africa.” In our view, the student statement aims to recontextualize the events of October 7, 2023, pointing out that military operations and state violence did not begin that day, but rather it represented a military response by a people who had endured crushing and unrelenting state violence from an occupying power over many years. One could regard the events of October 7th as just one salvo in an ongoing war between an occupying state and the people it occupies, or as an occupied people exercising a right to resist violent and illegal occupation, something anticipated by international humanitarian law in the Second Geneva Protocol. In either case armed resistance by an occupied people must conform to the laws of war, which include a prohibition against the intentional targeting of civilians. The statement reflects and endorses this legal framework, including a condemnation of the killing of civilians. The statement concludes with a demand that Columbia University reverse a decision to create curricular and research programs in Israel, a demand also made by over 100 Columbia faculty last year, and that the university cease issuing statements that favor the suffering and death of Israelis or Jews over the suffering and death of Palestinians, and/or that fail to recognize how challenging this time has been for all students, not just some. It is worth noting that not all of us agree with every one of the claims made in the students’ statement, but we do agree that making such claims cannot and should not be considered anti-Semitic. Their merits are being debated by governmental and non-governmental agencies at the highest level, and constitute a terrain of completely legitimate political and legal debate. We are appalled that trucks broadcasting students’ names and images are circling the campus, identifying them individually as “Columbia’s Leading Anti-Semites”, and that some students have had offers of employment withdrawn by employers that sought to punish them for signing the student statement, or for being merely affiliated with student groups associated with the statement. In the absence of university action, students and faculty have undertaken the burden of blocking the images and identifying information broadcast on the doxxing trucks. It is worth noting that most of the students targeted by this doxing campaign are Arab, Muslim, Palestinian, or South Asian. One of the core responsibilities of a world-class university is to interrogate the underlying facts of both settled propositions and those that are ardently disputed. As faculty we are committed to the project of holding discomfort and working across difference with our students. These core academic values and purposes are profoundly undermined when our students are vilified for voicing perspectives that, while legitimately debated in other institutional settings, expose them to severe forms of harassment and intimidation at Columbia. We ask Columbia University’s leadership, our faculty colleagues, Columbia alumni, potential employers of Columbia students, and all who share a commitment to the notion of a just society to join us in condemning, in the strongest of terms, the vicious targeting of our students with doxing, public shaming, surveillance by members of our community, including other students, and reprisals from employers.   Sincerely, Katherine Franke James L. Dohr Professor of Law Rashid Khalidi Edward Said Professor of Modern Arab Studies Gray Tuttle Luce Professor of Modern Tibet, EALAC, Columbia Jack Halberstam The David Feinson Professor of the Humanities, Columbia James Schamus Professor of Professional Practice, School of the Arts, Columbia Alexander Alberro Professor, Department of Art History, Barnard College Premilla Nadasen Ann Whitney Olin Professor of History, Barnard College Ralph Ghoche Assistant Professor, Architecture, Barnard College Karen Seeley, Lecturer Anthropology, Columbia Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak University Professor, Columbia Mae Ngai Lung Family Professor of Asian American Studies, Professor of History, Columbia Michael Harris Professor of Mathematics, Columbia Marianne Hirsch William Peterfield Tretn Professor Emerita, English and Comparative Literature, Institute for the Study of Sexuality and Gender, Columbia Mahmood Mamdani Herbert Lehman Professor of Government, Columbia Neferti Tadiar Professor, Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Barnard College Bruno Bosteels Professor, Latin American and Iberian Cultures, Columbia Nico Baumbach Associate Professor of Film and Media Studies, School of the Arts, Columbia Susan Bernofsky Professor of Writing, Columbia School of the Arts, Columbia Victoria de Grazia Moore Collegiate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Columbia Shelly Silver Professor, Visual Arts, School of the Arts, Columbia Frank Guridy Dr. Kenneth and Kareitha Forde Professor of African American and African Diaspora Studies, Columbia Zainab Bahrani Edith Porada Professor Art History and Archaeology, Columbia Susan S. Witte Professor, School of Social Work, Columbia Karen Van Dyck Kimon A. Doukas Professor of Modern Greek Literature, Columbia Najam Haider Professor of Religion, Barnard College Avinoam Shalem Riggio Professor, Arts of Islam, Art History and Archaeology, Columbia Christia Mercer Gustave M. Berne Professor of Philosophy, Columbia Catherine Fennell Associate Professor, Anthropology, Columbia Kadambari Baxi Professor of Professional Practice, Barnard + Columbia Architecture Reinhold Martin Professor of Architecture, GSAPP, Columbia Sheldon Pollock Raghunathan Professor Emeritus, Arts and Sciences, Columbia Robert Gooding-Williams M. Moran Weston/Black Alumni Council Professor of African American Studies and Professor of Philosophy and of African American and African Diaspora Studies, Columbia Partha Chatterjee Professor Emeritus of Anthropology and MESAAS, Columbia Mana Kia Associate Professor, MESAAS, Columbia Katharina Pistor Edwin B. Parker Professor of Comparative Law, Columbia Law School Martha Howell Miriam Champion Professor of History, Emerita, Columbia University Arts and Sciences Elizabeth Hutchinson Associate Professor of Art History, Barnard College Madeleine Dobie Professor of French and Comparative Literature, Columbia Natasha Lightfoot Associate Professor, History, Columbia Brian Boyd Senior Lecturer in Anthropology and Co-Director of the Center for Palestine Studies, Columbia David Scott Department of Anthropology, Columbia Bette Gordon Professor, School of the Arts/Film Lila Abu-Lughod Anthropology, Columbia Yannik Thiem Department of Religion, Columbia Debbie Becher Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Barnard College Nadia Abu El-Haj Anthropology, Barnard College Barbara J. Fields William R. Shepherd Professor of History, Columbia Shayoni Mitr Senior Lecturer, Department of Theatre, Barnard College Josh Whitford Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Columbia Celia Naylor Professor, Africana Studies and History Departments, Barnard College Teresa Sharpe Senior Lecturer, Sociology, Columbia Gauri Viswanathan Class of 1933 Professor of English and Comparative Literature, Columbia Pablo Piccato Professor of History, Columbia Hannah Chazin Assistant Professor, Anthropology, Columbia Nara Milanich Professor, History, Barnard College Manijeh Moradian Assistant Professor, WGSS, Barnard College Adam Reich Associate Professor, Columbia Sociology Gregory Mann Professor, History, Columbia Mary McLeod Professor of Architecture, Columbia Joseph Slaughter Associate Professor, English and Comparative Literature, Columbia Jennifer Wenzel Professor, English and Comparative Literature and MESAAS, Columbia Lydia H. Liu Wun Tsun Tam Professor in the Humanities, Columbia Hiba Bou Akar Associate Professor, Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation, Columbia Jean Howard George Delacorte Professor in the Humanities, Emerita, Columbia Sarah Haley Associate Professor of Gender Studies and History, Columbia Richard Peña Professor of Film and Media Studies, Columbia D. Max Moerman Professor, Asian and Middle Eastern Cultures, Barnard College Stathis Gourgouris Professor of Classics, English, Comparative Literature and Society, Columbia Bruce Robbins English and Comparative Literature, Columbia Anupama Rao History, Barnard College Anooradha Iyer Siddiqi Assistant Professor, Architecture, Barnard College Jonathan Crary Meyer Schapiro Professor of Modern Art and Theory, Art History, Columbia Rebecca Jordan-Young Ann Whitney Olin Professor of Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Barnard College Gregory M. Pflugfelder Associate Professor of Japanese History, Columbia Tey Meadow Associate Professor of Sociology, Columbia Seth J. Prins Assistant Professor of Epidemiology and Sociomedical Sciences Elizabeth Bernstein Professor and Chair, WGSS and Professor of Sociology, Barnard College Wael Hallaq Avalon Foundation Professor in the Humanities, Columbia Jo Ann Cavallo Professor and Chair, Italian, Columbia Zoë Crossland Professor of Anthropology, Columbia Paige West Claire Tow Professor of Anthropology, Barnard College and Columbia University Gregory Mann Professor, History, Columbia Paul Chamberlin Associate Professor, History, Columbia Joseph Albernaz Assistant Professor of English and Comparative Literature, Columbia Lien-Hang Nguyen Dorothy Borg Associate Professor, History, Columbia Marisa Solomon Assistant Professor, Women’s, Gender and Sexuality Studies, Barnard College Bernard E. Harcourt Isidor and Seville Sulzbacher Professor, Columbia Law School Vanessa Agard-Jones Anthropology, Columbia University Nina Berman Professor, Columbia Journalism School Brent Hayes Edwards Peng Family Professor of English and Comparative Literature, Columbia Jafari Sinclaire Allen Professor of African American and African Diaspora Studies, Columbia Hamid Dabashi Hagop Kevorkian Professor of Iranian Studies and Comparative Literature, Columbia Adam Tooze Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Professor of History, Columbia Alberto Medina Professor, LAIC, Columbia Emanuel Admassu Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation, Columbia Glenn Mitoma Lecturer in the Discipline, Institute for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia Louisa Gilbert Professor School of Social Work, Columbia Wayne Proudfoot Professor Emeritus, Religion, Columbia David Rosner Co-Director, Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health, Columbia Elizabeth A. Povinelli Franz Boas Professor of Anthropology and Gender Studies, Columbia Ashraf Ahmed Associate Professor, Columbia Law School Jackie Dugard Senior Lecturer, ISHR, Columbia Amelia Herbert Assistant Professor, Education and Urban Studies, Barnard College Patricia Dailey Associate Professor of English and Comparative Literature, Columbia Alex Watson Lecturer, Barnard College Mabel O. Wilson Architecture, GSAPP and Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies, Columbia Tom Slater Professor of Urban Planning, Columbia Kim Phillips-Fein Professor of History, Columbia Joseph A. Howley Associate Professor of Classics and Paul Brooke Program Chair for Literature Humanities, Columbia Walter Frisch Gumm/von Tilzer Professor of Music, Columbia James Yeh Adjunct Assistant Professor, School of the Arts, Columbia Marc Van De Mieroop Miriam Champion Professor of History, Columbia University Arts and Sciences Timothy Mitchell Professor, MESAAS, Columbia Bahia Munem Lecturer Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Race (CSER) Camille Robcis Professor of French and History, Columbia Tom Kalin Professor of Professional Practice, Film Program, Columbia Hugo Sarmiento Assistant Professor, Urban Planning GSAPP, Columbia Claudio Lomnitz Professor of Anthropology, Columbia Nina Berman Professor, Columbia Journalism School Thea Renda Abu El-Haj Professor of Education, Barnard College Harold Stolper Lecturer, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia J. Blake Turner, Ph.D. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia Helen Benedict Professor, Columbia Journalism School Samuel Kelton Roberts History, Sociomedical Sciences, and AAADS, Columbia Ayten Gundogdu Associate Professor of Political Science, Barnard College Asim Ansari Professor, Columbia Business School Katryn Evinson, Ph.D. Core Lecturer, Columbia Nina Alvarez Assistant Professor, Columbia Journalism School Frederik Denef Professor of Physics, Columbia Kamel Jedidi Professor of Business, Columbia Business School Daniel Malinsky, PhD Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia Sharon Schwartz Professor of Epidemiology, Columbia Joseph Massad Professor, MESAAS, Columbia A. Kayum Ahmed Assistant Professor, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Marwa Elshakry History, Columbia Marcus Folch Associate Professor of Classics, Columbia Victoria Frye Professor, School of Social Work, Columbia Kristele Younes Lecturer in Humanitarian Policy and Practice, Columbia Joanne Bauer Adjunct Professor, SIPA, Columbia Daniel Naujoks Lecturer in International and Public Affairs, Director, International Organization and UN Studies, School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), Columbia Aftab Ahmad Senior Lecturer, Hindi-Urdu, MESAAS, Columbia Nora Gross Assistant Professor of Education, Barnard College Prantik Saha, MD MPH Assistant Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Irving Medical Center Christine Marrewa Lecturer in South Asian Studies, Middle Eastern, South Asian, and African Studies, Columbia Sabrina Hermosilla Assistant Professor, Heilbrunn Department on Population and Family Health, Columbia Jeffrey Fagan Isidor and Seville Sulzbacher Professor of Law, Columbia Ross Hamilton Professor of English, Barnard College Ateya Khorakiwala Assistant Professor GSAPP Columbia Homa Zarghamee Associate Professor and Chair of Economics, Barnard College Duygu Ula Lecturer Barnard College Tim Wyman-McCarthy Associate in the Discipline, Institute for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia Meredith Benjamin Lecturer, Barnard College Cecelia Lie-Spahn Associate Director of First-Year Writing and Lecturer in English, Barnard College Laura Perez Adjunct Professor, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia Joey De Jesus Associate of English and Comparative Literature, Columbia; Adjunct Lecturer, Barnard College Daniel Alarcón Assistant Professor, Columbia Journalism School Zeynep Celik Sakip Sabanci Visiting Professor, History Kim F. Hall Lucyle Hook Professor of English and Professor of Africana Studies, Barnard College Elizabeth Leake Professor, Italian, Columbia Courtney Cogburn Associate Professor, School of Social Work, Columbia Tim Wyman-McCarthy Associate in the Discipline, Institute for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia Ruth Mukwana Adjunct Professor, Columbia Chazelle Rhoden Anthropology, Columbia Audra Simpson Professor, Department of Anthropology, Columbia Kendall Thomas Nash Professor of Law, Columbia Thanassis Cambanis Adjunct Professor, Columbia SIPA Abigail Greenleaf Assistant Professor, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia

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Sofia Bewa
Sofia Bewa

Fish is one of our main sources of animal meat. Fish play a significant role in providing employment, foreign exchange earnings and nutrition. Different types of fish can be cultivated in the same pond, fish can be cultivated in canals and ponds, and fish can be cultivated in cages. Fish farming is the production of more fish than natural production in a specific water body in a planned way with low capital, short time and suitable technology. In order to be profitable in fish farming, the fish farmer has to follow certain rules in every phase from fish farming planning to marketing. Ignorance or negligence of the fish farmer or mistake is an obstacle to profitable fish farming. Fish is an important element in our daily diet. Due to the high demand for fish, it is possible to earn good income from fish farming. In addition to the local bazaar, it is possible to make a profit by selling fish in distant markets. Moreover, it is possible to earn a lot of foreign exchange by exporting fish abroad. Bangladesh is now fourth in fish farming. It is our pride.

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